What is Pen Drive and how does it work?

Do you know what a pen drive is and how a pen drive works ? There must be many people among you who use this small drive to easily transfer their documents or files from one place to another.

With the advancement of technology , Pen Drive has now become popular among the people, it is very fast as compared to other storage devices and its storage space is also more.

It is very portable which means that it can be easily carried anywhere at any time. Today I thought why not provide you complete information about what is USB Pen Drive and how it works with it.

What is Pen Drive (What is Pen Drive in Hindi)

Pen Drive is a small portable flash memory device that helps in transferring your data from one computer to another. You can connect it to the USB port of any computer. Pen drives are very popular because they are convenient, durable, and come in all ranges of storage sizes.

A storage drive that is used to transfer files. It is also commonly called USB flash drive. It is a portable device which means that it can be easily transferred from one location to another. Its design is very compact and it appears to be pen shaped, hence it is also called pen drive.

These pen drives are used in many places all over the world. With this, it has easily replaced many storage devices like CD’s, Floppy Disk because it is superior to them in both data storing capacity and transferring speed.

Pen drives or USB flash drives are connected to the computer through USB (Universal Serial Bus) port which are available on computer motherboards. These devices do not require external power supply because they take power directly from the USB port to operate.

Being micro, lightweight and handy , it can be easily carried from one place to another by any students, professionals, academicians and independent tech consultants.

Pen drives are mainly used to store and transfer data. Through this, audio, video, and other data files can be easily transferred from one computer to another. As long as the desktop and laptop have a USB port and the pen drive is compatible with the operating system, the pen drive will continue to be used.

Pen Drive Storage Capacity

Let us get information about the storage capacity and format of Pen Drive.

Before the use of Pen Drive, floppy disks, CDs and DVDs were used. These storage devices used to be large and had very less storage space. To overcome these problems, USB Pen Drive was developed.

If we talk about the present times, at present there is no faster portable storage medium available for recording and reading data. Due to its many features, it became very popular very soon.

It is believed that it got its name “Pen Drive” because it looked like a pencil. Its storage capacity currently ranges from 1 Gb to 128 Gb , and it is available in many shapes and sizes.

Characteristics of Pen Drive in hindi

Now we will know the characteristics of Pen Drive in Hindi. Here I am going to tell you about the different features of Pen Drive.

  • It is made of many materials like plastic, metal etc. which makes it light.
  • There are many types of its length ranging from 1 cm to 6 cm.
  • Its capacity ranges from 512 Mb to 128 Gb.
  • It gets power from USB port.
  • It is very portable so that it can be used anywhere and anytime.
  • Its thickness ranges from 1 cm to 3 cm.
  • Its width ranges from 1 cm to 3 cm.

how to use pen drive

Using pen drive is very simple. Here the user has to insert one end of the drive into the USB port of the computer. It gets activated as soon as it is inserted. When the pen drive is activated, it shows some notification on the computer screen.

This means that your drive is now connected to the system. Once the drive becomes active, you can drag and drop or copy and paste files into the memory. This process is very easy which anyone can do.

Nowadays, there are many different computer operating systems available in the market, hence Pen Drive manufacturers manufacture these pen drives in such a way that they can work in all the operating systems.

Therefore, it is wise that before purchasing any portable storage device, read its packaging carefully so that it works properly on your computer system.

Also Read: How to boost my iphone performance?

How does a pen drive work?

Now let us know how a pen drive works? Technicians classify these pen drives as NOT AND , or NAND , they are also called gate-style data storage devices. In this technology, data is stored according to blocks and not randomly.

It does not store data like the computer’s main memory systems — such as read-only memory (ROM) and random-access memory (RAM). As compared to storing data randomly, by storing it in blocks, more information can be stored and that too at a very low cost.

Pen Drive Important Parts

Let us get information about the important parts of Pen Drive:

  • USB connector
  • Crystal oscillator
  • Memory chips
  • Controller

When we connect the pen drive to the computer, it automatically gets activated for use. Whereas if nothing is done about it then it is in dormant (inactive) phase.

Nowadays, specialized tech companies are working hard to improve these pen drives and are always trying to minimize the issues and add better features.

In the last few years, many improvements have been seen in Pen Drive. Now we have shifted from USB 2.0 to USB 3.0 pen drives due to which the data transfer rate has increased significantly.

Features of pen drive

Well, there are many features of Pen Drive and about which we will learn here today.

Transfer Files

A pen drive is used as an interfacing device to transfer files such as documents. This is done to transfer photos, MP3 etc. from one system to another. In this, files are simply selected and transferred.


It is so lightweight and “micro” that it can be carried anywhere comfortably.

Backup Storage

Almost all pen drives have password encryption features, so that important family information, medical records and photos can be backed up.

Transport Data

Academicians, scholars, students can use them to transport large files and lectures anywhere.

Promotional Tool

Many companies and businesses now use these pen drives to promote their sales so that they can convey their marketing agendas to the people.

Corporate logos and visual imagery can be easily presented on these handy pen drives to people at exhibitions, trade shows and conferences.

What are the advantages of Pen Drives and USB Flash Drives?

As we all know how pen drives and USB flash drives have established their rule in the entire IT world because they have some great features, it has completely replaced the conventional storage devices which were earlier used as data storage medium. Was used accordingly.

Here I have tried to tell you about some advantages of Pen Drive.

  • Pen Drives have high data storing capacity from 64 MB to 128 GB.
  • Their compact design makes them more portable.
  • These can also be used as bootable medium.
  • They transfer data faster than other computer components.
  • They can hold or store data just like permanent memory, hence they are also called secondary storage devices.
  • It does not require any external power source to operate.
  • There is no need for any extra cable or cord to connect.
  • Pen drives or USB Flash drives are available in a variety of sizes so they can be easily transported from one place to another.
  • They are not affected by scratches as is the case with CD’s and DVD’s.

Pen Drives and USB Flash Drives – Disadvantages

Now let us know what are the disadvantages of Pen Drives and USB Flash Drives:-

  • Pen Drives | USB flash drives are so small that anyone can easily misplace them.
  • This is the easiest way to spread computer viruses because viruses can easily enter through it. Therefore, it is important that Pen Drives are thoroughly scanned by antivirus.
  • These do not have high storage capacity like Hard Disk.

Who are some famous manufacturers of Pen Drive?

Now let us know which are some famous manufacturers or companies of Pen Drive in the world:-


How to choose the right USB pen drive

Well, there are many things that have to be considered before choosing any USB pen drive. No matter which Pen Drive you buy, you will be surprised to see its features.

So you want to choose a better USB Pen Drive….

The first thing you should see before choosing a USB Pen Drive is its storage capacity, because you should choose it according to your needs. Apart from this, you should check its design, compatibility and user review properly. So that later you do not regret why you bought this Pen Drive.

How to take care of pen drive

Your work is not done just by purchasing a Pen Drive because this Pen Drive is a very delicate thing and if it is not taken care of properly then it can easily get damaged. So let us know about some such methods so that we can take good care of our Pen Drive.

1. Along with buying the Pen Drive, also make arrangements to keep it in the right place because you may have to regret it later.

2. Pen Drive is very delicate, so while connecting it to the USB port and ejecting it, do it properly and never do it in a hurry.

3. Do not tamper with the Pen Drive at all during its operation as it may damage your data.

4. Prevent it from coming in contact with water as it may damage its circuit.

5. When you want to disconnect a pen drive, do it according to the correct procedure. This means that no operation should take place at that time. To eject it, click on the Pen Drive icon in the taskbar and press the eject button.

6. Use a pouch to keep the Pen Drive, this reduces the risk of misplacing it.

7. Always keep a backup of the data of your pen drive so that you will not have the problem of data loss.

If you follow the given tips properly then you can avoid many problems in future.

What did you learn today

I sincerely hope that I have told you all what is Pen Drive? And how does it work? Gave complete information about it and I hope you all  have understood about what is Pen Drive (What is Pen Drive in Hindi) .

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